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Slave Owners in Van Zandt County in 1864

Wills Point Chronicle 11 March 1910

This information was transcribed by B. Miller from an old article that appeared in the Wills Point Chronicle of 11 March 1910. This article was furnished by Larry Greer. The information contained in the article is said to have been compiled from the Official Records of Austin showing the value of slaves. The statistical information contained in this article has been converted to a table for the convenience of our visitors. The original article listed the statistical information in sentence form and it was very difficult to read. Comments, corrections and additions should be submitted to Betty Miller and Betty Phillips.

The following article giving a list of the slave owners in Van Zandt county for the year 1864 together with the number and value of slaves owned, will be especially interesting to the readers of the Chronicle. The new generation knews (sic) nothing of slavery from experience - and it is well - and the accompanying article will be an interesting bit of fact as to the valuation of slaves. This and the recent article giving a list of the county officers elected in the county from its organization, were prepared from the tax rolls of the county in the comptroller's office in Austin at considerable expense and we trust will prove interest (sic) to our readers. We suggest that it would be interesting to preserve the files of the paper containing these articles:

SLAVE OWNER
NUMBER VALUE
ADAMS, J. G. 29 $35,000.00
ADCOCK, J. H. 8 $800.00
ALEXANDER, E. A. 1 $2,500.00
ANDERSON, Adolphus 10 $10,000.00
ANDERSON, J. M. 45 $68,600.00
ANDERSON, Robert 1 $800.00
ANDREWS, Joseph 1 $1,500.00
BAIRD, John 1 $1,500.00
BATEMAN, John 2 $4,000.00
BEAUMAN, A. M. 1 $2,500.00
BENNET, H. 5 $5,000.00
BERRY, H. 2 $2,000.00
BIRDSONG, G. G. 1 $1,000.00
BLACKWELL, S. P. 1 $2,000.00
BOUTEN, C. P. 2 $1,200.00
BRADLEY, John 5 $5,000.00
BRAMLEY, C. H. 2 $1,200.00
BROOKS, W. W. 60 $102,500.00
BUCKNER, S. S. 2 $3,500.00
BURNETT & LAUDERM 6 $15,000.00
BURR, S. Y. 1 $1,500.00
CAAG, Wm. 2 $2,000.00
CASTLEBERY, S. C. 2 $1,000.00
CHANCELLOR, A. 1 $1,000.00
CLARK, S. R. 1 $1,500.00
CLARK, Thos. 1 $1,500.00
COLLINS, Joe 3 $3,000.00
COULTER, M. 9 $10,000.00
CROCKETT, E. 14 $18,500.00
CROCKETT, H. 20 $26,000
CUMMINS, W. 1 $1,500.00
DAMRON, W. M. 3 $2,200.00
DENSON, B. H. 25 $32,200.00
DENSON, L. A. 4 $4,900.00
DOROUGH, J. H. 1 $1,500.00
DORROUGH, C. M. 1 $5,000.00
DUNN, P. 36 $50,700.00
ELLIS, G. W. 2 $5,000.00
ELLIS, J. B. 37 $39,900.00
ELLIS, M. W. 1 $1,000.00
FALK, L. 6 $9,000.00
FARMER, W. B. 3 $2,000.00
FARRES, E. D. 36 $72,000.00
FIELDS, J. C. 40 $68,800.00
FITZGERALS, J. B. 11 $15,200.00
FORD, C. J. 2 $2,000.00
FORGONSON, D. 1 $800.00
FORGONSON, J. 6 $6,000.00
FRIND, J. 2 $3,300.00
FULLER, H. 2 $3,000.00
GARRETT, G. W. 2 $5,000.00
GIBBS, W. E. 5 $3,000.00
GILLILAND, W. 1 $2,000.00
GOODWIN, M. 2 $2,500.00
GRAY, N. H. 6 $5,000.00
HAGGARY, M. A. C. 23 $27,700.00
HAINBRICK (sic), B. H. 43 $46,000.00
HAMBRICK, G. B. 9 $9,000.00
HANKS, H. 2 $1,600.00
HARRISON, J. M. 3 $3,500.00
HATTON, T. W. 1 $2,500.00
HAYDEN, C. H. 3 $2,000.00
HAZWOOD, M. 1 $2,000.00
HEARD, J. H. 4 $7,500.00
HENDERSON, E. 9 $10,000.00
HENDERSON, M. 2 $1,500.00
HIGHTOWER, J. W. 1 $1,000.00
HILL, W. T. 1 $1,500.00
HOLDMAN, D. 3 $4,500.00
HORSLEY, Thos. 1 $500.00
HORTON, B. F. 11 $13,000.00
HOWELL, Jno. 1 $1,500.00
HUBBARD, F. 1 $1,500.00
HUBBARD, J. B. 2 $2,000.00
HUBBARD, James 3 $4,000.00
HUFF, D. V. 10 $12,000.00
HUMBLE, J. 4 $800.00
HUTTON, N. 4 $6,500.00
JAMES, W. 2 $5,000.00
JOHNSON, A. C. 1 $2,500.00
JOHNSON, R. 1 $1,200.00
JOURDAN, E. 12 $15,000.00
KENNEDY, W. H. 4 $4,000.00
KINGSWORTHY, B. H. 10 $20,000.00
LALLAR, John 4 $6,000.00
LANDRUM, J. J. 3 $4,500.00
LANDRUM, John 9 $7,300.00
LANDRUM. E. B. 3 $2,500.00
LEE, Synthia 7 $8,000.00
LIBRAND, D. D. 2 $5,000.00
MAGO, J. W. 9 $10,500.00
MARDUS, A. F. 9 $13,000.00
MARTIN, F. C. 1 $3,000.00
MARTIN, N. 12 $2,500.00
MATHAS, L. 5 $5,800.00
McBRIDE, C. 3 $5,500.00
McBRIDE, Mary 1 $2,500.00
McCAIN, A. 6 $7,500.00
McMILLIN, John 2 $2,000.00
McPHAIL, A. 1 $3,000.00
McPHAIL, T. 6 $7,900.00
MIDDLETON 2 $1,500.00
MURREY, J. F. 3 $6,000.00
MURRY, F. J. 1 $1,000.00
MURRY, Wm. 5 $6,000.00
NEAL, H. 1 $2,000.00
NELSON, John 24 $28,800.00
NORMAN, A. 5 $6,400.00
O'NEAL, W. J. 6 $16,500.00
OWENS, John 11 $24,000.00
PAIN, W. 4 $4,000.00
PALMER, W. F. 2 $2,500.00
PARKER, James 1 $1,700.00
PATTERSON, J. M. 28 $26,000.00
PATTON, A. C. B. 1 $1,500.00
PHILLIPS, T. A. 21 $29,500.00
PILES, E. 6 $6,000
PUBLES, J. T. 8 $12,000.00
QUINN, J. J. 1 $500.00
RAILEY, James 18 $36,000.00
RAILEY, James 82 $102,800.00
RAINES, J. D. 3 $1,500.00
REED, G. W. 7 $11,000.00
RENFEE, E. S. 2 $4,300.00
RICHARDSON, M. J. 2 $2,000.00
RILEY, D. L. 1 $1,500.00
ROBERINSON, D. 1 $2,000.00
RODGERS, B. R. `36 $55,000.00
ROGERS, W. B. 20 $20,000.00
ROHRER, S. S. 1 $2,000.00
ROSINBAUM, G. 1 $1,200.00
RUSSELL, D. 2 $3,500.00
SAMPLE, M. 5 $7,100.00
SAVAGE, Mrs. 28 $42,700.00
SHAMBLIN, J. A. 3 $2,500.00
SHARP, W. 2 $3,600.00
SHAW, Smith 28 $37,600.00
SHEPARD, John 3 $4,500.00
SIRRAT, J. R. 1 $1,200.00
SMITH, H . 15 $16,700.00
SMITH, W. M. 4 $5,100.00
SMITY, Young 5 $6,250.00
STONE, T. O. 27 $31,300.00
SULLIVAN, A. D. 6 $6,000.00
SULLIVAN, E. 7 $7,000.00
SWIFT, M. 7 $12,500.00
SWIFT, T. J. 5 $8,500.00
TATE, John 2 $2,000.00
TENNISON, J. 15 $14,500.00
TERRY, W. R. 2 $4,000.00
THOMAS, P. 1 $2,000.00
TOWLES, John 3 $2,500.00
TOWLES, t. 4 $6,000.00
TUMBLINSON, D. 2 $3,000.00
WADE, G. B. 1 $3,000.00
WALTON, J. H. 10 $10,500.00
WASHINGTON, G. 30 $42,000.00
WASHINGTON, W. T. 4 $6,000.00
WATTS, C. C. 1 $1,800.00
WATTS, Jonson 2 $4,800.00
WEBB, John V. 12 $24,500.00
WHETSTONE, A. 5 $5,500.00
WHITE, H. 6 $7,000.00
WHITTINGTON, Wm. 1 $750.00
WHOTTEN, Jack 2 $3,500.00
WILDURN, W. A. 7 $8,600.00
WILKERSON, J. 48 $60,500.00
WILLINGHAM, H. 6 $7,200.00
WILSON and WILEY 5 $7,500.00
WILSON and WILLIAMS 2 $3,000.00
WILSON, Nancy 1 $1,000.00
WOOD, J. W. 3 $2,000.00
WOOD, W. 1 $1,500.00

The total number of negroes owned in the county in 1864 was 1,461, assessed (sic) for an aggregate value of $1,939,650. It is probable that if they had not been emancipated, their gold value at the close of the war would have equalled (sic) that amount as the demand for farm products and consequently for labor was never greater.

The total value of all property in the county, real and personal, in 1864, was $3,716,541. Consequently the liberation of the slaves deprived the people, at one stroke, of slightly more than half their property reducing many from affluence to poverty including merchants and others who had extended credit.

Furthermore the freedmen for a considerable time refused to work for wages, and it looked as if no crops would be made.

They expected the property of their former masters to be divided between them, and had no other conception of liberty than it meant idleness and living with out any sort of restraint, legal or moral.

Every interest was demoralized and paralyzed.

Never did a more gloomy and disheartening prospect confront a people, and never did a people so swiftly change such conditions to pleasant ones, disorder to order, and poverty to prosperity.

The people of the "free state of Van Zandt" had if anything a little more grit, gumption and energy than any similar number of citizens of the old South to be found in a single political association elsewhere, and the result was that they pulled out of the mire a little quicker.

With the coming of railroad transportation, the county put on seven league boots, and its progress has since been steady and rapid, and it is in position to increase its stride as much as may be needed to keep pace with the general advance of the state and, when occasion comes, step to the head of the Texas Procession.

Out of the night has come the dawn.

An easy way to get an idea of what the night meant, is for the people of today to imagine more than half of their property taken away from them, lands rendered almost valueless, labor hard to get and uncertain, liberty and decency wearing the yoke of carpet-bag misrule, women and children to be fed, the incubus to be removed, and right conditions restored and perfected. They can then easily understand that it took, to perform the the (sic) task assigned, men and women who would have graced the palmiest (sic) days of republican Rome. It is well to be proud of the present, but it is no less well to remember that the present would have been impossible without the noble past upon which it reposes.

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